In 1993 multiparty politics were introduced in Burundi and June 01. 1993 there was a Presidential election (see Historical data) that very much became a two-party affair between The Front démocratique du Burundi (Frodebu), with Melchior Ndadaye (Hutu) as presidential candidate, and Buyoyas Uprona. Frodebu claimed to be a party for both Hutu and Tutsi.
However, starting at the end of 1992, it became clear that ethnicity was becoming a major electoral element. Melchior Ndadaye wins (64.75%). He forms a coalition of FRODEBU and UPRONA but at the end of 1993 Ndadaye is assassinated. He is succeeded in 1994 by Cyprien Ntaryamira. Three months later Ntaryamira dies in an air plane accident and Sylvestre Ntibantunganya is elected president by the parliament. A coup in 1996 staged by the Tutsi dominated army brings Pierre Buyoya to power as president. In 1998 Burundi gets a transition government and in 2001 a Tutsi-Hutu power-sharing agreement is finalised. The first transition period has Pierre Buyoya has president and in 2003 the presidency is taken over by Domitien Ndayizeye of FRODEBU.
Under this agreement elections was supposed to take place in 2004, but disagreement about the a new constitution wich has to be in place before elections, made it nessessary to hold a special summit in October 2004 on the situation in Burundi.
Summit on BURUNDI held in Nairobi, Kenya, 15.10.2004:
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, who chairs the region's initiatives on Burundi, also chaired the summit. Presidents Domitien Ndayizeye of Burundi, Paul Kagame of Rwanda, Mwai Kibaki of Kenya and newly installed Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed of Somalia attended. South African Deputy President Jacob Zuma, who is the facilitator of the Burundi peace process and the UN Secretary-General's Special Representative to Burundi, Carolyn McAskie, also attended.
The leaders have held several summits on Burundi to help steer the country away from 11 years of war and lay the foundation for a lasting peace and this time "They have agreed to meet to discuss the election process and hear proposals by the Burundian electoral commissioners in the fringes of an IGAD (Inter-governmental Authority on Development) summit," Julius Onen, the permanent secretary in the Ugandan Foreign Ministry, told IRIN.
The summit endorsed an extension of Burundi's transitional period and said in a communiqué issued at the end of the meeting: "Based on the reality on the ground, the Summit accepts that elections cannot take place before 1 November 2004",
The summit also endorsed an electorial calendar submitted to it by the Independent National Commission. According to this calendar:
- The Transitional Government will be extended 6 months
- Burundi's presidential elections will be held on the 22 April 2005
- A referendum on the country's post-transition constitution that had been scheduled for 20 of October is now to be held on 26 November.
The timetable also includes local elections on 9 February, communal elections on 23 February and legislative elections on 9 March. Ngarambe said the dates might still change depending on factors such as the availability of funds and security conditions.
Befor the election there must also be hold a census and a registration of voters.
Referendum on the country's post-transition constitution has been postponed to 22 December 2004
Referendum postponed again. This time because of delayed voter list. This is the third time the referendum is postponed.
The referendum is to be held on 28 February, Commission Chairman Paul Ngarambe announced in Bujumbura in separate meetings with civic society and political parties.
Voters in Burundi took part in the country's first democratic poll in 12 years.
The result: an overwhelming majority for the post-transitional Constitution.
90.1% of the 2.89 million Brurundians that voted polled "Yes".
3.13 million Brurundians had registered as voters. The turnout was 92,4% and 50,7 % of the voters were women.
The constitutional referendum is the first step towards local, parliamentary and presidential elections.
24.04.2005 The mandate of the Burundi Transitional Gevernment Extended
Regional leaders attending an emergency summit on Burundi peace initiative Friday 22.04.05 unanimously extended the mandate of the Burundi Transitional Government.
In a joint communiqué issued at the end of the summit, the leaders who included President Mwai Kibaki, extended the transitional period up to 26th August 2005 in line with the approved election calendar.
25.04.2005 Election schedule
The chairman of Burundi's Independent Electoral Commission, Paul Ngarambe, has announced the country's elections timetable, which is scheduled to end on 19 August with presidential polls.
The country's new president would be sworn in on 26 August, Ngarambe said in the capital, Bujumbura, upon his return from Uganda.
10.06.05 CNDD-FDD wins in communal elections held 3. June.
Final results are expected on 19 June
23.06.05 CNDD-FDD confirmed winner of communal polls
Burundi's Independent National Electoral Commission, or CENI, released the final results of communal polls held countrywide on 3 June, confirming the victory of the country's former main rebel group, the CNDD-FDD, now a political party.
Out of 3,225 seats in the communal election CNDD-FDD won 1,781 seats, followed by FRODEBU party with 822 seats. This is 57.3% of the votes cast. The voter turnout was 80.6% of the registered voters.
The Union pour le Progrès National (UPRONA), came third with 260 seats followed by Movement for the Rehabilitation of Citizens (MRC), with 88 seats.
The next step is parliamentary election the 4 of July. The councillors elected at the communal election will elect the members of the higher chamber of the parliament. This will happen on the 29 of July. The new president of Burundi will 19 August be elected by the legislators elected in the parliamentary election joined by senators picked by the municipal councillors on July 29.
Parliamentary elections: 04. July 2005
Presidential election: 19 August 2005
See Historical data: Historical overview
link to: Burundi Information, on election,
Commission Electorale Nationale Independante
Election 2005: News Archive 2003-2005
Election 2010: News Archive 2009-2010
Election 2015: News Archive